» Renewable energy


The Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) advances high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector investment. ARPA-E awardees are unique because they are developing entirely new ways to generate, store, and use energy. An agency of the US Department of Energy. Read More

CERES Clean Energy Utility Benchmarking Report: 2016

“Benchmarking Utility Clean Energy Deployment: 2016” provides a window into how the global transition toward clean energy is playing out in the U.S. electric power sector. Specifically, it reveals the extent to which 30 of the largest U.S. investor-owned electric utility holding companies are increasingly deploying clean energy resources to meet customer needs. Benchmarking these companies provides an opportunity for transparent reporting and analysis of important industry trends. It fills a knowledge gap by offering utilities, regulators, investors, policymakers and other stakeholders consistent and comparable information on which to base their decisions. And it provides perspective on which utilities are best positioned in a shifting policy landscape, including likely implementation of the U.S. EPA’s Clean Power Plan aimed at reducing carbon pollution from power plants. Read More

California’s New Interconnection Policies First to Address Cost Certainty and Storage

The comprehensive Rule 21 Order adopted by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) provides numerous innovations to mitigate costs associated with connecting clean energy to the grid, facilitates a clear process for interconnecting energy storage systems, and enables implementation of smart inverter functionality. Read More

IREC Clean Energy Training Directory

Looking for training providers that offer workshops and hands-on training for renewable energy and energy efficiency courses? Interested in four-year universities that offer undergraduate and graduate level courses in renewable energy and energy efficiency? Whether you’re in high school or college, you’re changing careers or are a returning veteran, the new IREC Clean Energy Training Directory is the ideal tool to help you find the right clean energy program for you. Read More

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

A large part of EERE technology deployment depends on the U.S.’s ability to innovate, produce, install, maintain, and service advanced energy technologies. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) education and workforce development activities support the market deployment of EERE technologies by focusing on further development and enhancement of these critical workforce skills as well as engaging and inspiring the future workforce. Read More

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource

This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and more accurately indicates the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables wave diffraction to substantially reestablish wave power densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices. To quantify the effect of using normally directed wave energy flux for wave energy resource estimation, the project team calculated the directional flux distribution at 17 National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) full-directional-hindcast stations in four regions that represent the variety of energetic U.S. wave climates. Read More

Deploying Distributed Energy Storage: Near-term Regulatory Considerations to Maximize Benefits

Since the market for distributed energy storage is still in its infancy, there is a significant need for regulatory guidance and proactive policies to ensure a smooth integration into the existing electrical system. A report released by IREC offers independent insight on how to address these new challenges – and opportunities – in the regulatory arena. Read More

Economic feasibility of converting cow manure to electricity: A case study of the CVPS Cow Power program in Vermont

A case study of the Central Vermont Public Service Corporation (CVPS) Cow Power program examines the economic feasibility for dairy farms to convert cow manure into electricity via anaerobic methane digestion. The study reviews the mechanism for CVPS, dairy farms, electricity customers, and government agencies to develop and operate the program since 2004, examines the costs and returns for the participating dairy farms, and assesses their cash flow over a period of 7 yr under different scenarios. With 6 dairy farms generating about 12 million kilowatt-hours of electricity per year and more then 4,600 CVPS electricity customers voluntarily paying premiums of $0.04 per kilowatt-hour, or a total of about $470,000 per year, the CVPS Cow Power program represents a successful and locally sourced renewable energy project with many environmental and economic benefits. Factors from the successful development and operation of the program include significant grants from government agencies and other organizations, strong consumer support, timely adjustments to the basic electricity price paid to the farms, and close collaboration among the participating parties. This study confirms that it is technically feasible to convert cow manure to electricity on farms, but the economic returns depend highly on the base electricity price, premium rate, financial supports from government agencies and other organizations, and sales of the byproducts of methane generation. Read More

The Economics of Renewable Energy

This module provides thorough coverage of the issues involved in shifting from dependence on fossil fuels to renewable energy. This module presents: the potential for renewable energy; economic issues including costs, externalities, subsidies, and financing; and policies for renewable energy transition. The student reading consists of 52 pages which includes discussion questions, references, exercises, and web links. The module is accompanied by a PowerPoint file with figures and tables. Exercise answers are available to instructors. Read More

Economic Incentive Model for Sustainable Energy Use in U.S.

This research explores the potential of market forces to improve adoption of sustainable energy measures from the perspectives of three stakeholders; 1) the energy consumer, 2) the energy supplier and 3) society. Read More


EERL's mission is to be the best possible online collection of environmental and energy sustainability resources for community college educators and for their students. The resources are also available for practitioners and the public.


EERL is a product of a community college-based National Science Foundation Center, the Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC), and its partners.

Contact ATEEC 563.441.4087 or by email ateec@eicc.edu