Supporting and Advancing Geoscience Education in Two-Year Colleges

The SAGE 2YC website provides resources to support 2YC geoscience faculty and their programs. Two-year colleges (2YCs) play an increasingly important role in producing earth-science literate citizens, developing a competent and creative geoscience workforce, teaching science to pre-service K-12 teachers, and providing a foundation for broadening participation in the geosciences. The resources on this website will help 2YC faculty showcase what geoscientists do and support their students through their geoscience learning. Read More

NASA Global Change Master Directory: Discover Earth Science Data and Services

NASA’s Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) holds more than 31,000 Earth science data set and service descriptions, which cover subject areas within the Earth and environmental sciences. The project mission is to assist researchers, policy makers, and the public in the discovery of and access to data, related services, and ancillary information (which includes descriptions of instruments and platforms) relevant to global change and Earth science research. Within this mission, the directory also offers online authoring tools to providers of data and services, facilitating the capability to make their products available to the Earth science community. In addition, citation information to properly credit data set contributions is offered, along with direct links to data and services. As an integral part of the project, keyword vocabularies have been developed and are constantly being refined and expanded. These vocabularies are also used in other applications within the broader scientific community. Users may perform searches through the Directory’s website using controlled keywords, free-text searches, map/date searches or any combination of these. Users may also search or refine a search by data center, location, instrument, platform, project, or temporal/spatial resolution. Read More

Community Education and Outreach

Wisconsin outreach resources for working with the community, corporations, and local and state government. Read More

Question Bank

NEED’s Question Bank gives teachers the ability to customize evaluation tools for their energy units. There are questions at four grade levels: Primary, Elementary, Intermediate and Secondary. At each grade level, the questions are divided into the following topics: Science of Energy & Forms of Energy, Sources of Energy, Electricity, Transportation, and Conservation and Efficiency. Under each topic, Knowledge, Comprehension and Application questions are included. All files are the MS Word(doc) file format. Read More

Access to Knowledge: a Guide for Everyone

According to the back cover, this book introduces the Access to Knowledge movement, which aims to create more equitable public access to the products of human culture and learning. Read More

Safety and Security First: Protecting Our Jobs, Families, and Hometowns From Toxic Chemical Disasters

A 25-page assessment on chemical security urging facilities and state and federal regulators to reduce dangers and secure chemical hazards. Read More

Effects of Sublethal Copper Exposure on Escape Behavior and Growth of Rana pipiens Tadpoles Effects of Sublethal Copper Exposure on Escape Behavior and Growth of Rana pipiens Tadpoles

This research is designed to test how sublethal exposure to copper affects tadpole predator-escape behavior and how quickly tadpoles recover. After exposure, tadpoles were separated. Escape behavior was recorded for two-thirds of exposed tadpoles while one-third of the exposed population was measured weekly to determine growth and recovery. Control tadpoles were consumed within 15 minutes whereas those exposed to higher concentrations were consumed at a slower rate, which does not support the hypotheses. Although the rate of predation was lower, tadpoles exposed to higher Cu concentrations were on average, 1.47 cm in total body length. Those exposed to 0.93 mg/L averaged 0.86 cm. After being placed into clean water, treatment tadpoles recovered after 20 days. Read More

Abrupt Climate Change: Final Report

This document is part of the Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAP) described in the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) Strategic Plan. This report is meant to reduce uncertainty in projections of how the Earth’s climate and related systems may change in the future. It provides scientific information for supporting the decision-making audience and the expert scientific and stakeholder community. Read More

Role of N-Acylethanolamines in Plant Defense Responses: Modulation by Pathogens and Commercial Antimicrobial Stressors

N-acyl ethanolamines (NAEs) are a class of lipids recently recognized as signaling molecules which are controlled, in part, by their degradation by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). On the basis of previous studies indicating increased NAE levels in a tobacco cell suspension-xylanase elicitor exposure system and the availability of FAAH mutants, overexpressor and knockout (OE and KO) genotypes in Arabidopsis thaliana, further roles of NAEs in A. thaliana plant defense was investigated. The commonly occurring urban antimicrobial contaminant triclosan (TCS) has been shown to suppress lipid signaling associated with plant defense responses. Thus, a second objective of this study was to determine if TCS exposure specifically interferes with NAE levels. No changes in steady state NAE profiles in A. thaliana-Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae and A. thaliana-flagellin (bacterial peptide, flg22) challenge systems were seen despite evidence that defense responses were activated in these systems. There was a significant drop in enoyl-ACP reductase (ENR) enzyme activity, which catalyzes the last step in the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway in plants, on exposure of the seedlings to TCS at 10 ppm for 24 h and decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production due to flg22 in long term exposure of 0.1 ppm and short term exposure of 5 ppm. However, these responses were not accompanied by significant changes in steady state NAE profiles. Read More

MatEd Clearing House

MatEd is a National Science Foundation funded center housed at Edmonds Community College, Seattle, an on-line college. MatEd’s mission is to advance materials technology education nationally. MatEd is developing a clearinghouse of teaching materials including labs, hands-on demonstrations, modules, and papers which can easily be integrated into a variety of courses, classroom settings, and industries. Read More


EERL's mission is to be the best possible online collection of environmental and energy sustainability resources for community college educators and for their students. The resources are also available for practitioners and the public.


EERL is a product of a community college-based National Science Foundation Center, the Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC), and its partners.

Contact ATEEC 563.441.4087 or by email ateec@eicc.edu