» Energy conservation

Comparative Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Conventional and Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles (EVs) coupled with low-carbon electricity sources offer the potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and exposure to tailpipe emissions from personal transportation. In considering these benefits, it is important to address concerns of problem-shifting. In addition, while many studies have focused on the use phase in comparing transportation options, vehicle production is also significant when comparing conventional and EVs. We develop and provide a transparent life cycle inventory of conventional and electric vehicles and apply our inventory to assess conventional and EVs over a range of impact categories. Read More

Discovering the Principle of the Fuel Cell at Home or in School

Fuel cells convert chemical to electrical energy. Engines and turbines with generator can also do this but there is a lot more interest in fuel cells. It is reported that the latter have a much higher efficiency than internal combustion engines and that the future of energy supply is unthinkable without them. In cars, houses and wherever energy is required, they will be found in future in the same places and numbers as car engines and single-storey heating are found today. Read More

Hydrail: Why Now?

Proceedings from the 3rd International Hydrail Conference – Catawba College, Salisbury, NC, USA – 13 August 2007. Read More

Fresh Energy: Publications

Fresh Energy works to enhance our economy, protect human health and communities, restore our environment, and establish energy independence. In our sustained and coordinated effort to promote a modern, innovative energy system for the 21st century, we provide research, advocacy and innovative policy models while engaging citizens to take action on the energy issues that affect us all. Fresh Energy’s efforts focus on clean energy, transportation connections, global warming solutions, and energy justice. Read More

Solar Cars - Solar Energy and Photovoltics

An article giving details of solar energy with links to much more information. The impetus for the development of solar energized automobiles was mobilized during the 1990’s when regulations approaching the “zero emissions” were first explored. The changing technology has made the possibilities for domestic and personal use of these vehicles a reality. Read More

DaimlerChrysler Delivers the First Fuel Cell Cars to Customers in Berlin

The era of the fuel cell vehicles now has outgrown the research stage as DaimlerChrysler has put the first of a fleet of 60 vehicles on the public roadways ten years after introducing NECAR1, the world�s very first fuel cell powered vehicle. In the U S, Fuel cell powered vehicles are part of the UPS fleet and likewise in Japan they are part of the Bridgestone tire Co and Tokyo and Gas Company�s fleet of vehicles Read More

FUEL CELLS 2000: The Online Fuel Cells Information Resource

Increasingly more literature has been printed about the fuel cell powered vehicles, their advantages and future applications but little accompanying information has been offered about what it is, how it works and why it is more desirable than the petroleum powered vehicles. This site offers numerous links for information and several animated videos of how the cell functions. Read More

Very Good With the Right Fuel: 2004 Volkswagon Passat TDI Wagon

A review and explanatin of the Passat. As new alternatives for fossil fuel vehicles are being explored the focus seemingly has become very narrowly channeled to one primary alternative; gas electric hybrids. This could cost consumers down the road as disposal of dead battery packs becomes an issue. Diesel powered vehicles may well be a better alternative particularly in light of the developing technology of the biodiesel fuels, and the reduced pollution and emission levels with other forms of fuel. Read More

Energy in Agriculture and Society: Insights from the Sunshine Farm

The author discusses energy conservation, and uses of renewable and nonrenewable energy sources in food production systems, from data and observations based on research conducted at the Land Institute. Read More

Food, Fuel, and Freeways: An Iowa Perspective on How Far Food Travels, Fuel Usage, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This is a publication of the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Iowa State University. The research for this publication compared fuel use, distances traveled, and carbon dioxide emissions associated with the transport of locally grown foods, to fuel use, distances traveled, and carbon dioxide emissions associated with the transport of foods typically available at local grocery stores and restaurants. Read More


EERL's mission is to be the best possible online collection of environmental and energy sustainability resources for community college educators and for their students. The resources are also available for practitioners and the public.


EERL is a product of a community college-based National Science Foundation Center, the Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC), and its partners.

Contact ATEEC 563.441.4087 or by email ateec@eicc.edu