» Pollution Prevention

Environmental Contamination and Public Health: The Kilauea Story

In the last century, sugar plantations blanketed the Hawaiian Islands from Hilo to Lihue. Today, just a single plantation remains in operation. Yet many of these plantations leave behind a hidden legacy of contaminated soil from old pesticide mixing areas. The Hawai’I Department of Health (DOH) has tracked down many of these sites in remote areas, where there are few risks to the general public. Now, for the first time, DOH has discovered an old pesticide mixing site with alarmingly high levels of soil contamination persisting in the heart of a residential community. This article describes how the site was discovered and how government agencies have mobilized to clean it up and protect the public. Read More

Air Pollution Control Act

Library Holdings. This law was passed by the Republic of China (Taiwan) to control air pollution and protect the environment and human health. Read More

Proximity to Pollution Sources and Risk of Amphibian Limb Malformation

“The cause of limb deformities in wild amphibian populations remains unclear, even though the apparent increase in prevalence of this condition may have implications for human health. Few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of multiple exposures on the risk of limb deformities. In a cross-sectional survey of 5,264 hylid and ranid metamorphs in 42 Vermont wetlands, we assessed independent risk factors for nontraumatic limb malformation. The rate of nontraumatic limb malformation varied by location from 0 to 10.2%. Analysis of a subsample did not demonstrate any evidence of infection with the parasite Ribeiroia. We used geographic information system (GIS) land-use/land-cover data to validate field observations of land use in the proximity of study wetlands. In a multiple logistic regression model that included land use as well as developmental stage, genus, and water-quality measures, proximity to agricultural land use was associated with an increased risk of limb malformation (odds ratio = 2.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-3.58; p < 0.001). The overall discriminant power of the statistical model was high (C = 0.79). These findings from one of the largest systematic surveys to date provide support for the role of chemical toxicants in the development of amphibian limb malformation and demonstrate the value of an epidemiologic approach to this problem." Read More

"The Dirt on Phytoremediation"

Phytoremediation uses plants to remove or degrade pollutants in the environment. The projected U.S. phytoremediation market will expand more than ten-fold between 1998 and 2005, to over $214 million. Researchers are matching plants to pollutants, in an effort to increase phytoremediation’s effectiveness. Currently, grasses, poplars, cottonwoods, and other plants are cleaning up heavy metals, chemical solvents, explosives, petroleum hydrocarbons, and pesticides. (Requires purchase or subscription to view more than the abstract.) Read More

Phytoremediation Online Decision Tree

Phytoremediation is implemented by establishing a plant or community of plants that have been selected to provide the required remediation mechanisms. The technology exploits the natural hydraulic and metabolic processes of plants, and thus is passive and solar driven. The technology can be used in combination with mechanical treatment methods or as a “stand alone” treatment method. Read More

SAGE Solvent Alternative Guide

SAGE is a comprehensive guide designed to provide pollution prevention information on solvent and process alternatives for parts cleaning and degreasing. SAGE was developed by the Surface Cleaning Program at Research Triangle Institute in cooperation with the U.S. EPA Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division (APPCD). Read More


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