» Climate and Meteorology

Global Warming: Early Warning Signs

Information on various indicators, references, and teaching resources. A world map is used to illustrate the local consequences of global warning. Read More

Climate Prediction: The Limits of Ocean Models

Oceans play a significant role in the behavior of climate, and of simulated climate models. Models still do not precisely replicate the behavior of oceans, due to the lack of quantifiable data of the complex actions of ocean water. This paper explores some of the weaknesses of current models, and suggests solutions. Read More

Past and Future Effects of Ozone on Net Primary Production and Carbon Sequestration Using a Global Biogeochemical Model

Air pollutants that are not greenhouse gases can still affect climate change. They may do this by directly reacting with greenhouse gases or by indirectly affecting greenhouse gas systems. Felzer et al. studied how ozone, a toxic gas produced in polluted air, is and will affect the ability of plants to store carbon and keep it from affecting the climate. While the researchers find increasingly negative effects in the future, they also predict that greenhouse gas reductions would also reduce the amount of ozone in the atmosphere, and its damaging effects. Read More

A Process-based Analysis of Methane Exchanges Between Alaskan Terrestrial Ecosystems and the Atmosph

Methane is a greenhouse gas that is less abundant than carbon dioxide, but has a much more potent effect. It is also a greenhouse gas that is often present in natural systems. Zhuang et al. used computer modelling to predict trends in the absorption and release of methane in Alaskan soils, taking into account the effects that predicted climate change might have on methane cycling in ecosystems. Read More

Induced Technical Change and the Cost of Climate Policy

This paper provides an economic analysis of a specific climate change policy: a carbon tax. The analysis attempts to gauge the potential for a carbon tax to create an incentive for research and development, and subsequently lower the cost of technologies responding to climate change. Read More

Absolute vs. Intensity-Based Emission Caps

As governments begin to consider regulation of greenhouse gases, many are turning to market-based initiatives. Such programs assign emitters a certain share of emissions, and allow them to trade for emissions rights in a market. Emission shares can be distributed strictly as a certain amount of carbon, or they can be assigned as a certain amount of pollutant per unit output or input. This paper compares the two methods of regulation in the specific area of regulating greenhouse gases, and provides a theoretical economic analysis of their effects. Read More

Pew Center on Global Climate Change

The Pew Center provides a forum for research and analysis on key climate topics such as economic and environmental impacts and practical domestic and international policy solutions. The Pew Center distributes its reports to more than 4,000 opinion leaders throughout the world, including members of Congress, key Executive Branch officials as well as international leaders. Read More

MIT's Climate Modeling Initiative

This site summarizes the current research initiatives of the MIT Climate Modeling Initiative (CMI). Website pages discuss strategies the Initiative is using to accurately model the earth’s atmosphere and oceans. The site provides an overview of advanced climate modeling. Read More

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

2001 reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC assesses the scientific, technical, and socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change. Read More


EERL's mission is to be the best possible online collection of environmental and energy sustainability resources for community college educators and for their students. The resources are also available for practitioners and the public.


EERL is a product of a community college-based National Science Foundation Center, the Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC), and its partners.

Contact ATEEC 563.441.4087 or by email ateec@eicc.edu