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Cloning describes the processes used to create an exact genetic replica of another cell, tissue or organism. The copied material, which has the same genetic makeup as the original, is referred to as a clone. The most famous clone was a Scottish sheep named Dolly.

There are three different types of cloning:

* Gene cloning, which creates copies of genes or segments of DNA
* Reproductive cloning, which creates copies of whole animals
* Therapeutic cloning, which creates embryonic stem cells. Researchers hope to use these cells to grow healthy tissue to replace injured or diseased tissues in the human body.

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Date Of Record Release 2009-12-21 17:00:38
Description Cloning describes the processes used to create an exact genetic replica of another cell, tissue or organism. The copied material, which has the same genetic makeup as the original, is referred to as a clone. The most famous clone was a Scottish sheep named Dolly.

There are three different types of cloning:

* Gene cloning, which creates copies of genes or segments of DNA
* Reproductive cloning, which creates copies of whole animals
* Therapeutic cloning, which creates embryonic stem cells. Researchers hope to use these cells to grow healthy tissue to replace injured or diseased tissues in the human body.
Classification
Resource Type
Format
Subject
Source National Library of Medicine
Keyword Genetics, Cloning, Human genome, Genes
Selector Stith
Date Of Record Creation 2009-12-21 16:55:12
Education Level
Date Last Modified 2010-03-23 16:59:06
Language English
Date Record Checked: 2009-12-21 00:00:00 (W3C-DTF)

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