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Chemical Weapons History in the US, Munitions and Facilities

Chemical agents in the modem sense were first used in World War I, when chlorine gas was released, from large cylinders, in a favorable wind. This surprise operation caused massive casualties, demoralisation of the forces attacked and demonstrated the need for protection from this kind of warfare. The first improvised mask was a cotton pad soaked in sodium thiosulphate, glycerine and sodium carbonate. Subsequently in World War I, a great variety of chemical agents were used by both sides, the most damaging being the blister producing mustard gas. Military clothing, even with a respirator, gave little protection against this agent.

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Date Of Record Release 2009-04-07 17:22:11
Alternate Title Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
Description Chemical agents in the modem sense were first used in World War I, when chlorine gas was released, from large cylinders, in a favorable wind. This surprise operation caused massive casualties, demoralisation of the forces attacked and demonstrated the need for protection from this kind of warfare. The first improvised mask was a cotton pad soaked in sodium thiosulphate, glycerine and sodium carbonate. Subsequently in World War I, a great variety of chemical agents were used by both sides, the most damaging being the blister producing mustard gas. Military clothing, even with a respirator, gave little protection against this agent.
Classification
Resource Type
Format
Subject
Source Global Security
Keyword Chemicals, Chemical weapons, Biological Weapons
Date Of Record Creation 2009-04-07 17:17:42
Education Level
Date Last Modified 2009-04-07 17:22:11
Language English
Date Record Checked: 2009-04-07 00:00:00 (W3C-DTF)

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